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Pelham Primary School


Through our science curriculum, children develop an understanding of themselves and the world around them.

In Key Stage 1 Pupils observe, explore and ask questions about living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to work together to collect evidence to help them answer questions and to link this to simple scientific ideas. They evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They use reference materials to find out more about scientific ideas and scientists. They share their ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables.

In Key Stage 2 pupils learn about a wide range of living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to make links between ideas and to explain things using simple models and theories. They apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to familiar phenomena, everyday things and their personal health. They begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts. They carry out more systematic investigations, working on their own and with others. They use a range of reference sources in their work. They talk about their work and its significance, and communicate ideas using a wide range of scientific language, conventional diagrams, charts and graphs.

At Pelham we want all pupils to:

  • develop their sense of curiosity, awe and wonder;
  • think of themselves as scientists - in science lessons, other curriculum areas and in the wider world;
  • make connections between what they have learnt or discovered for themselves outside of school, with their learning in the classroom;
  • embrace new concepts and the unexpected, and to learn through these experiences;
  • develop their growth mindset and resilience, feeling as brave as possible when writing or investigating ideas that are new to them;
  • take part in developing and exploring ideas through their own questioning and exposure to a variety of stimuli;
  • learn scientific concepts, using appropriate vocabulary with confidence;
  • apply their subject knowledge in various contexts;
  • feel encouraged to find answers to questions through individual reflection, teamwork, investigation, critical thinking and creative problem-solving;
  • learn from each other and from the problems they have faced in their investigations, in order to become more systematic and be able to make greater progress in future learning experiences.

Curriculum Guidance

Click on the link below for an overview of the science topics taught across each year group, throughout the year.

Science Curriculum Overview

A Scientist at Pelham - Skills progression through the year groups

For a detailed description of the topics taught in each year group, click here to download the National Curriculum for Science.